Alumina Titania:

An abrasion-resistant moderate-hardness ceramic, aluminum oxide and titanium dioxide, also know as alumina titania is particularly well suited to applications prone to erosion by fine particles. It is also a good candidate for textile wear applications. Operating environment should be < 1,000°F.


Elemental aluminum exhibits good electrical conductivity and is best known for its corrosion protection characteristics. It tends to oxidize more readily than steels and can prevent corrosion of most steels by “capturing” oxygen atoms before they reach the protected surface. Polishes readily, and may be built up significantly to produce solid-like structures.

Aluminum Bronze:

A high-density, moderate-hardness metallic, aluminum and copper. Non-galling, non-seizing, self-lubricating, excellent resistance to adhesive wear. Commonly used for restoration of dimension of bronze, copper, and aluminum parts, and as a bond coat.

Aluminum Graphite:

A clad composite, aluminum and carbon. Malleability and abradability make it an excellent candidate for use in clearance control applications. Operating environment should typically be < 900°F.

Aluminum Oxide:

A hard, typically white ceramic. Excellent dielectric and thermal resistance properties. Wear resistant and readily ground to a smooth finish. Able to withstand fairly high heat; melting point near 3,700°F.

Aluminum Polyester:

A blended material, aluminum, silicon, and polyester resin. Used almost exclusively in clearance control applications for aircraft engines and similar components. Operating environment should typically be < 600°F.

Babbitt Metal:

A relatively soft metallic, tin, copper, antimony, and lead. Very dense deposit, non-galling material; ideal solution for adhesive wear problems in high-speed, high-load bearings and journals.

Carbon Steel:

A hard durable metallic, iron, carbon, aluminum, and molybdenum. Excellent durability and buildup characteristics make carbon steel alloys a good choice for repair and dimensional restoration of steel and other ferrous components.
Chrome Oxide:

A hard, dense ceramic. Commonly used both as-sprayed and finish-ground. Highly resistant to sliding and abrasive wear, cavitation, and corrosion. Low coefficient of friction makes chrome carbide especially useful in combating adhesive wear applications in harsh and corrosive environments.

Chromium Carbide:

An extremely hard metallic. Superior hardness and resistance to abrasion. Chromium carbide can exhibit some brittleness depending on the method of application. Overall, exhibits good corrosion resistance, outstanding resistance to abrasive and fretting wear and erosion, and performs well at elevated temperatures.

Chromium Oxide:

See Chrome Oxide above.

Cobalt Alloys:

Cobalt, alloyed variously with chromium, tungsten, carbon, molybdenum, nickel, and iron, yields exceptional hardness and durability due primarily to high chrome carbide content. Additionally, these alloys remain stable and functional through a vast temperature range, making them ideal for combating abrasive wear and fretting in high-temperature environments.


Elemental copper, like elemental aluminum, is an excellent conductor of electricity and heat; used for EMI/RFI shielding. Coatings are typically dense, making them ideal for dimensional restoration of copper-based components. Also, like aluminum, copper may be heavily built up to form solid-like structures. Used as a low-temperature mold-making alternative to casting.


A proprietary alloy of Haynes International, Inc., Hastalloy® exhibits excellent resistance to corrosion, and is an excellent candidate for repair or rebuild of equipment intended for use in and susceptible to highly corrosive environments.

(Hastalloy® is a registered trademark of Haynes Industries, Inc.)

Magnesium Zirconia:

A high-hardness ceramic, magnesium oxide and zirconium oxide. Excellent thermal barrier characteristics, highlighted by substantial resistance to thermal shock. Non-wetting by most common metallics, such as aluminum, iron/steel, and zinc. Also well resistant to particulate erosion.


Elemental molybdenum. Demonstrates good bonding characteristics and is often used as a bond coat material under both metallics and ceramics. Good wear resistance and ability to retain lubrication make molybdenum a good choice for repair/rebuild of bearing and other wear surfaces in heavy machinery.

Molybdenum Alloys:

Particularly the self-fluxing alloys with nickel, chromium, or aluminum. Hard-wearing, essentially oxide-free coatings. Extremely durable and capable of significant buildup. Wear-resistance characteristics make these coatings especially adequate for protection from harsh abrasive particulate environments.

Nickel Alloys:

A broad range of chemistries usually including chromium, boron, iron, silicon, and aluminum. Good wear-resistance characteristics are made even more impressive in spray and fuse applications of the self-fluxing nickel alloys. Excellent resistance to corrosion and particulate erosion.

Nickel Chromium:

One of the nickel alloys (see above) particularly developed as a bond coat for high-temperature ceramic applications.

Nickel Graphite:

A clad composite, nickel and carbon. Malleability and abradability make it an excellent candidate for use in clearance control applications. Operating environment should typically be < 900°F.

Self-Fluxing Alloys:

Nickel or cobalt based with one or more of the following: chromium, iron, boron, silicon, tungsten carbide, copper, or molybdenum. This term covers a range of alloyed materials that have been engineered to perform best after having undergone a high-temperature fusing process. Self-fluxing alloys are applied using a standard thermal spray system, such as flame spray, and then the coating and substrate are flame- or induction-heated until the coating material begins to liquefy and flow over the surface of the part. The fusing process leaves a coating that is structurally and, at times, chemically different from the material applied.

Stainless Steels:

Corrosion-resistant steel (iron, carbon) with manganese, chromium, silicon, and one or more of the following: nickel, molybdenum, zirconium, selenium, and others. Grades of stainless steel offer varying degrees of corrosion resistance and malleability. Stainless steels offer excellent machineability and corrosion resistance with good or better wear resistance.

Tungsten Carbide:

A very hard metallic with superior wear resistance. Ideal for long-wearing surfaces and edges. Tungsten carbide coating materials may be ground and superfinished to provide an extremely hard mirror-like finish, although carbide coatings are also frequently used as-sprayed for a durable abrasive or wear-resistant protective surface.

Yttria Zirconia:

A durable thermal barrier. Yttria zirconia produces a hard, abrasion-resistant surface with excellent thermal stability and thermal shock resistance. High specific heat capacity (SHC) provides a very low rate of heat transfer, even at extreme temperatures, making yttria zirconia ideal for protecting heat-sensitive surfaces and componenture in high-heat environments.


Elemental zinc, like aluminum and copper, provides good electrical conductivity. Can be used in EMI/RF shielding applications. Provides galvanic and sacrificial corrosion resistance similar to aluminum. May be spray-deposited to significant thicknesses allowing for the formation of freestanding solid-like structures.

Al-O-Lox™, Com-O-Lox™, Crom-O-Lox™, Met-O-Lox™:

HAYDEN’s trademarked line of high-performance surfaces. Developed to meet the wear and corrosion challenges that we encounter most frequently, these coatings are field-proven to provide outstanding performance in a variety of applications. As with any of the materials listed here, specific material data, such as typical hardness, methods of application, and corrosion performance, are available from our applications engineers and salespeople. E-mail or call us at your convenience.